ЖЭТФ, Том 120,
стр. 871 (Октябрь 2001)
(Английский перевод - JETP,
Vol. 93, No 4,
доступен on-line на www.springer.com
COLLECTIVE EFFECTS IN DOPED NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTALS
Chernyshuk S.B., Lev B.I., Yokoyama H.
Поступила в редакцию: 28 Февраля 2001
PACS: 61.30.Gd, 82.70.Dd, 64.70.Md
We study the collective elastic interaction in a system of many macroparticles embedded in a nematic liquid crystal. A theoretical approach to the interaction of macroparticles via deformation of the director field [lev] is developed. It is found that the director field distortion induced by many particles leads to the screening of the elastic pair interaction potential. This screening strongly depends on the shape of the embedded particles: it exists for anisotropic particles and is absent for spherical ones. Our results are valid for the homeotropic and the planar anchoring on the particle surface and for different Frank constants. We apply our results to cylindrical particles in a nematic liquid crystal. In the system of magnetic cylindrical grains suspended in a nematic liquid crystal, the external magnetic field perpendicular to the grain orientation results in inclining the grains to the director and induces an elastic Yukawa-law attraction between the grains. The appearance of this elastic attraction can explain the cellular texture in magnetically doped liquid crystals in the presence of the magnetic field [chen].